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Tuesday, 24 March 2015

How many individuals with the family surname are there?

Recently I have been searching the UK census data bases trying to find individuals who I had missed on my initial searches.  The omissions are mainly due to the very varied transcription of the family name from the census to the indexes, in fact it is hard to believe all the different ways the surname has been transcribe!
The number of individuals found in England and Wales in each census are shown in the table below, these figures include all known variants of the name which were used in the UK between 1841 and 1911 (e.g. Titheridge, Titheradge, Tytheridge, Tidridge, Titteridge, Tedridge, Teatheredge and Tutheridge).

Year of the Census

Number of family members found in each census

















 Can any fellow researcher provide similar data for Canada, USA, Australia or New Zealand censuses?
This makes me wonder how many people there are with the family name now?  My estimate is that there are somewhere between 550 and  600 in the UK.  I would be interested to hear from anyone who can give a better guess or anyone who can give a guestimate of how many there are in any overseas country.
There is a website that ranks surnames in the UK by popularity.  It can be found at
This website shows the commonest surnames in England and Wales are Smith ranked 1, Jones ranked 2 and Williams ranked 3.  One certainly wouldn’t be able to do a one name study on those surnames! There are about 270,000 different surnames in the database.

Our family names came out with the following ranking in terms of popularity,

           Rank of  15,152   Titheridge

           Rank of  30,347   Titheradge

           Rank of  63,515   Tytheridge

           Rank of  64,689   Tidridge

           Rank of 120,601 Tedridge

           Rank of 127,230   Teatheredge

           Rank of 143,714   Tutheridge

Can anyone provide any other interesting statistics on our surnames?

Friday, 13 March 2015

Charles Henry Titheridge 1845 -1885 and the Shocking Occurrence near Fareham

Droxford Village, Hampshire
Charles Henry Titheridge was born in 1845 in Droxford.  He was one of twelve children born to John Titheridge and Sarah Withers.  Charles married Elizabeth Emery in Alverstoke on 15 September 1864.

Between September 1866 and 1884 they had 10children.

     Elizabeth Harriet Titheridge born 1866
     Ann Elizabeth Titheridge born 1868 (died aged 3)
     Fanny Titheridge born 1870
     Harriet Eleanor Titheridge born 1872
     Kate Titheridge born 1874
     Charles Henry Titheridge born 1875
     Lucy Titheridge born 1879
     Alfred George Titheridge born 1880
     Edith Florence Titheridge born 1881
     Annie Eliza Titheridge born 1884

Charles was an agricultural labourer although by 1884 he was a thatcher,and in 1881 census he lived with his family in Morgan’s Lane, Shedfield near Droxford.  He was known to be “addicted to the habits of intemperance” and about noon on Saturday 24 October 1885 he went to the Cricketers public house and remained there until 10pm.  By the time he left he was drunk and headed for his home in Shirrell Heath.  About ¾ mile from home he fell to the ground and witnesses left him there thinking he would go home later. Later he was found by another man who raised an alarm when he could not rouse him and saw there was a large quantity of blood.  At first it was thought that a murder had been committed.

This account is taken from the Portsmouth Evening News on 26 October 1885

Shocking Occurrence near Fareham

Yesterday morning startling rumours were afloat in Fareham and neighbourhood to the effect that a murder had been committed on Saturday night, the body of a man having been found lying in the roadway somewhere in the district of Droxford, with a wound in his side. The rumour obtained extraordinary credence, and during the day several well-informed persons gave it out that a man had quarrelled with some gypsies, being afterwards found lying in the roadway dead, having been stabbed in the side; however, the statements are believed to be false, as it has since been conclusively proved death was caused by the man falling upon a pair of sheep-shearing shears. From what can be gathered with regard to the unfortunate occurrence, it appears that the deceased, whose name is Charles Henry Titheridge, aged 40, resided at Shirrell Heath, was a thatcher, and was addicted to habits of intemperance. He is known to have gone into the Cricketers public house, Turkey Island, near Wickham, at about noon on Saturday, remaining in-house until 10pm, when he was seen to leave, being then apparently under the influence of drink. He proceeded in the direction of his house at Shirrell Heath, and when about three quarters of a mile from home was seen by two men named David Osborne and George Winter to fall down by the side of the road. These men being of the opinion that he was drunk allowed him to remain, thinking that he would be able to go home in a short time. When he fell they did not hear him moan or make any signs that he was injured. About 10:20 a man named Frank Emery passing by, saw the deceased lying in the road, and endeavoured to arouse him, when saw that there was a large quantity of blood upon the ground. He turned the deceased over and then found that he was dead. He at once raised the alarm, and upon assistance arriving the police and doctor were sent for. Upon the arrival of Constable Gosney an examination of the deceased and his clothing was made, when the constable discovered that in an inside pocket of the deceased’s coat were a pair sheep-shearing shears and a billhook, the former of which was covered with blood. The shears had been placed in the pocket with the blades pointing upwards and it is conjectured that the deceased stumbled and fell backwards, in so doing the points of the shears entering his back, penetrating to the kidneys, and inflicting a wound about two inches in length, from the effects of which he undoubtedly died. Doctor Maloney was afterwards called, and he expressed an opinion that death was produced by the wound, and that in all probability it was caused by the shears. Upon examination of the spot being made a piece of string was discovered, which had been used to keep the point of the shears closed, but the force of the fall had broken it and allowed the shears to open, thus making the wound larger. The body was afterwards conveyed home. The deceased leaves a wife and nine children. An inquest will be held upon the body in due course in the Prince of Wales, Shirrell Heath.

From other reports in the paper it can be seen that two inquests were held.  The one on 28 October was adjourned and a second held on 30 October.  The death certificate was issued 9 days after the incident and records the cause of death as
“ found dead, death having resulted from the effect of a wound in the back but how or by whom caused there is no evidence.”

So murder or freak accident? I guess we’ll never know. 

Sunday, 8 March 2015

Some Unusual Occupations

Looking through the records there is no doubt that most of our ancestors were agricultural labourers or in the less rural areas just labourers.  Many of the others were employed by the gentry as servants, housemaids, kitchen maids, cooks, butlers, housekeepers or gardeners and quite a few were employed in the army or navy. 

Every so often we come across some more unusual employments.  Below are some of these less common occupations or occupations with unusual names and the individuals who held those positions.

Edward Hetreal Titheradge born 1877 in Marylebone London and his brother Alfred Henry Titheradge born Hampstead London in 1885 (sons of Henry John and Louisa Titheradge) were both described as compositors in 1901 and 1911.
A compositor was a person who arranged type for printing:  they worked on the newspapers in Fleet Street,

James Titheridge born about 1804 in New Alresford (son of James and Ann Titheridge) who was living in Chichester, Sussex in 1851 is described as a cordwainer on the 1851 census.
A cordwainer made a variety of goods from fine soft leather.  It generally refers to a maker of fine luxury shoes and boots.

Thomas Titteridge of Andover Hampshire, born in 1777 in Salisbury, Wiltshire (son of Thomas and Mary Titteridge) is described as a hatter. 
A hatter was a person who made and sold hats.

George Marsh Titheridge born 1850 in Chichester (son of James and Mary Ann Titheridge) is described as a Hawker in 1881 census and is living in Grimsby.
A hawker is a person who travels about selling goods, typically advertising them by shouting

Martha Titheridge born 1841 in Alverstoke (daughter of William and Jane Ann) is a Lamptress in 1861 and Ann Tidridge (nee Newell) of Bishops Waltham born in 1818 and widow of Henry Tidridge was a lampstress in 1871.
I have been unable to find out what this occupation is, at a guess they made lamps? 

Monthly nurse
Eliza Titheradge (nee Peters) wife of Edward Titheradge born 1827 and living in Paddington in 1871 and
Jane Tidridge born Bishops Waltham in 1844 (daughter of Henry and Ann Tidridge) and living in Portsea in 1891 were both described as Monthly nurse.
A monthly nurse looked after mothers and babies during the first month following childbirth

Joshua Titheridge of Basingstoke born in Kingsclere in 1701 (son of Joshua and Margery Titheridge) is described as a “perriwiggmaker”.
A periwig maker was someone who made gentleman’s wigs.

Stay maker
Eliza Titheridge (nee Hastings) born in 1835 in Southsea and wife of John Titheridge of Portsea was a Staymaker in 1871 census.
A staymaker made corsets; prior to the 19th century; corsets were called stays.

In 1847 Charles born in Winchester in 1820 (son of Joseph and Elizabeth Titheridge) was a turnkey at Winchester House of Correction having been appointed in April 1845.
A turnkey is an archaic term for a warder in a gaol or prison.

George Tidridge born in 1871 in Southampton (son of Harry and Ann Tidridge) was a Stevedore on 1901 census.
A stevedore is a person employed at a dock to load and unload ships.

Please add a comment if you can tell us more about these individuals.

Please add a comment if you too have come across some of our ancestors with unusual occupations.